Can cerebral ischemia be prevented?
When there is a lack of blood supply to the brain, the entire body suffers suddenly, and most of the time, with significant consequences. But why does it happen? There are certain factors that predispose it to happen.
It usually happens suddenly, but there are situations that can act as triggers such as: high blood pressure, cholesterol, obesity, smoking or sustained stress.
Monitor blood pressure
Hypertension is the most important risk. Having high blood pressure can increase up to 5 times the risk of suffering ischemia or cerebral hemorrhage.
Over time, high blood pressure can cause atherosclerosis to progress faster, thereby causing damage to the coronary arteries.
Cholesterol is a major part of the deposits that can narrow the coronary arteries. It helps maintain the health of our arteries and, therefore, avoid stroke. Watch your diet, promoting foods rich in fiber and vitamins and limiting animal fats.
Types 1 and 2 diabetes are linked to increased risk of myocardial ischemia, heart attack, and other heart problems.
It is an important risk factor, since it accelerates the vascular aging process, affecting all the vessels in the body. Try to maintain a reasonable weight and limit refined sugars.
Not getting enough exercise contributes to obesity and is linked to higher cholesterol and triglyceride levels. People who get regular aerobic exercise have better heart health, which is associated with a lower risk of myocardial ischemia and heart attack. Exercise also lowers blood pressure.
Performing an exercise routine helps protect the arteries of the brain and heart. With 25 minutes a day of moderate physical activity you can significantly reduce the risk of suffering from cerebral ischemia.
No smoking and alcohol control
Smoking and long-term exposure to passive smoke can cause damage to the inner walls of the arteries. The damage can allow deposits of cholesterol and other substances to form, which can slow blood flow to the coronary arteries.
Smoking causes coronary artery spasms and can also increase the risk of blood clots.
Quitting smoking and controlling alcohol consumption should be one of our first priorities to stay away from ischemia and other cardiovascular diseases.
There are drugs that make us more prone to suffering cerebral ischemia, especially if they are added to other risk factors. The hormones in birth control pills can promote clot formation and therefore increase the likelihood of ischemia. Although it is true that the risk is low, to counteract it it is better to limit its use in women over 30 who also have hypertension, obesity and are smokers